October 18, 2022
A stunning image revealing concentric annular rings around the distant star caused a frenzy online in September.
Studies have shown that these cosmic waves are puffs of organic dust that originated and then spread through an anomalous star system into the universe.
This research is the first to find evidence of the transfer of visible matter to starlight beyond our solar system.
The star responsible for the mind-boggling spectacle is called WR140, and is, in fact, a system of two stars that orbit each other.
characterizes a star as a Wolf-Rayet, a rare type of star that is hundreds of thousands of times brighter and hotter than Earth's Sun.
The second star is a somewhat less bright giant star, just shy of the size of Wolf Reyet, which is about 20 times the size of the Sun.
The interaction of these two massive stars triggers cosmic fireworks that give rise to strangely shaped concentric rings.
In the case of these stars, the solar winds are more like a hurricane, said Yinuo.
When the stars get a certain distance from each other, the storms combine, and we see these fireworks, these puffs of dust.
Measurements from the James Webb Space Telescope also showed that the dust of these stars contained organic, carbon-rich grains.
For the web, this is just the beginning. Astronomers expect more significant discoveries about WR140 in the coming months and years.